State Bank of India Raises Lending Rates: A Deeper Dive into MCLR Hikes, Fixed Deposit Rates, and Their Impact on Borrowers

The State Bank of India (SBI), India’s biggest public sector bank, has publicly announced that the Marginal Cost of Funds Based Lending Rate (MCLR) increase among different loan tenures. The borrowers who are affected by this move are very concerned with the possibility that their loan EMIs are to rise. In its mobility, starting from 15th of June 15, 2024, the bank has taken the decision to increase the loan-based transactions by up to 100%. For example, if a customer deposits ₹1,000,000 then the Bank will be able to lend ₹600,000. Whereas, the customer shall use the balance ₹400,000.

State Bank of India Raises Lending Rates

Understanding the MCLR Hike

SBI has has revised its MCLR upwards by 10 basis points, which are higher at all the tenures. This means the minimum rate of interest at which the bank can lend has gone up 0.10%. The bank on all loan terms/services has re-evaluated MCLR and these appear as the revised MCLR rates:

TenorExisting MCLR (%)Revised MCLR (%)
One Month8.28.3
Three Month8.28.3
Six Month8.558.65
One Year8.658.75
Two Years8.758.85
Three Years8.858.95

What is MCLR?

The Marginal Cost of Funds Based Lending Rate (MCLR) is one of the reference still governed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). It is therefore the rate that the banks must not lend less. The MCLR is calculated by considering various factors such as the deposit bank’s cost of fund (deposits, borrowings), operating costs, and the ratio of CRR of RBI kept in the bank.

Why the Hike in MCLR?

The latest rise in MCLR by SBI through the RBI’s approach has raised parallel measures in policy directions. The inflation is gradually climbing so the government is trying to keep the currency less valuable so people will spend less and save more money. On one hand, the banks preserving the rising profitability issue upon increasing the MCLR rate at the time of expenditure rise. On the other hand, one potential ethical dilemma would be the chance that we rob the poor of their basic rights while the government tries to control the recession.

Impact on Borrowers

The MCLR increase impacts those loan customers that are directly riding on the MCLR, causing them to pay higher EMIs. For example, product types of SBI such as home loans, vehicle loans, and pocket money loans that are linked to MCLR will likely see the increase of their EMIs. But the impact will depend on the loan amount, the time it has left to be paid back, and the reset clause in the loan agreement.

Fixed Deposit Interest Rates

It probably hurts the borrowers as it asks for higher EMIs which is a negative point for them on the other hand it is a positive point for the investors who invest in fixed deposits (FDs). Banks, to be sure, make changes to FD interest rates in line with changes in MCLR. SBI has recently revised its FD interest rates for amounts below Rs. 3 crore and here are the new rates:

TenorGeneral Public (%)Senior Citizens (%)
7 days to 45 days3.54
46 days to 179 days5.56
180 days to 210 days6.256.75
211 days to < 1 year6.57
1 year to < 2 years6.87.3
2 years to < 3 years77.5
3 years to < 5 years6.757.25
5 years and up to 10 years6.57.5

EBLR and Home Loans

It should be observed that the External Benchmark Lending Rate (EBLR) of SBI is still at 9.15%. The difference is the repo rate (6.50%) plus a spread of (2.65%). The MCLR hike does not affect the terms of the existing home loan unless the EBLR is altered in that case new borrowers may meet this rate. EBLR provides the price of the borrowed funds and it’s determined occasionaly depending on repo rates of the RBI. As EBLR is a variable number, PolyU made a mistake; it should be presented as longer variable rate product.

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Looking Ahead

The upward ride in the MCLR by SBI is consistent with the prevailing trend of escalating interest rates in the Indian economy. It is highly likely, borrowers might be informed of such EMIs going up, whereas investors, on the other hand, are presented with the option of sending a monthly EMI at a higher rate to the bank to get a higher return from their invested money. The economy will continue to change shape, and through that, the fast-track research transition, and management of financial prosperity are logical to take.


What is the MCLR hike by SBI?

Upon increasing its Marginal Cost of Funds Based Lending Rate (MCLR) by 10 basis points (0.10%) on all loan periods, SBI will have it as a new lending rate category for MCLR borrowers. Also, they will see higher EMIs if they have a loan that is tied to MCLR. The exact influence fluctuates with changes in the sum of the loan, time left, and the period of reset.

Can MCLR raise have an impact on housing loan borrowers?

Equated Monthly Installment (EMI) could go up for the MCLR borrowers if SBI continues to increase the base lending rate while their loans are allowed to be linked to the External Benchmark Lending Rate (EBLR). Thus, they may. On the other hand, even current clients of the home loan who have already availed the facility will not be affected by the EBLR rates. The interest rates that the bank charges on borrowings will involve these intermediate variations.

What is the new fixed deposit FD rate offered by SBI?

SBI’s latest measure in the Fixed Deposit (FD) interest rate is a higher interest rate for various tenors as well as introduction of new rates. The older and established citizens, to be sure, always got…Senior citizens typically receive an additional 0.50% interest.

What is the reason behind the MCLR increase by SBI?

The recent rocket high of the Maoist Communist League Revolutionary Malefactor League closely highlights the policy outline The MCLR hike is in the same direction as the RBI’s guideline of a phased rate hike to protect from price escalation and high costs. To all loans linked to MCLR, not only does it relate but it also includes car and personal loans. Although, loans pegged to other benchmarks such as…EBLR might not be directly affected.

What to be done by the borrowers in light of the MCLR hike?

Borrowers should read the loan document, in particular, make a forecast of the surge in EMIs and ponder on alternatives like prepayment or refinancing should they find it possible.